Steps for Starting Poultry Farming in Nigeria

Steps for Starting Poultry Farming in Nigeria

How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria

Poultry Farming in Nigeria is one of the most lucrative agriculture businesses. The economy of Nigeria is mostly dependent on farming or agriculture sector. Thousand of tons of poultry products are consumed everyday yet, the demand remains unsatisfied. Poultry farming in Nigeria can play a important role in the total national income of the country and fulfill the annual nutrition demands.

About 160 million Nigerians consume a lot of poultry products, ranging from chickens, turkeys, eggs, and a lot more. Report shows that, commercial poultry farming in Nigeria has made many people millionaire. This shows that the opportunities surrounding poultry farming are exponential in highly profitable ways. if you are a beginner and want

to start poultry farming business in Nigeria then try to learn more and more about poultry raising in Nigeria, Alot of people have already have started their poultry business by supply frozen poultry products to restaurants, events, and more, many others supply mostly eggs, and the rest supply poultry feeds. The market opportunity existing in poultry farming is extremely wide and lucrative if executed right.

Read Also; Steps On How to Apply for Jobs Online in Nigeria

Why Poultry Farming in Nigeria? Before we move on we will tell you why poultry business plan or poultry framing is very lucrative in Nigeria i am describing here, to main advantages of poultry farming in Nigeria.

1. Food Is Important To Everyone

2. Poultry farming in Nigeria is a lucrative business opportunity for
individuals and Entrepreneurs

3. Poultry Animals Grow Very Fast.

4.Commercial poultry farming creates great employment opportunities
for the job seeking people

5. Poultry Animals Lay A Lot Of Eggs.

6. Poultry farming is such a great business that can never dry up

7. Price For Poultry Products Are Attractive:

8. Poultry birds provide us eggs and meat that is great source of
nutritious food.

9. If you want to start poultry farming in Nigeria, then you don’t
have to think about the marketing process. Because there is already a
suitable market for poultry products from the beginning.

10. Domestic poultry farming in Nigeria can meet up the family
nutrition demands. On the other hand, commercial poultry raising is a
great income and employment source.

Steps for Starting Poultry Farming in Nigeria

Below are steps that you should follow i you want to start a lucrative
poultry farming in Nigeria

Farm Location

The main thing required for setting up poultry farming business is a piece of suitable land. The location of your poultry farm is very important. Setting up a farm in a remote area is far cheaper than in a city area because of the distance and low population. Generally, a plot of land of 120*60 square meters is suitable for setting up a medium sized poultry farm in Nigeria. The size of land depends on the number of birds you want to raise and the farming system. Usually, governments do not permit large scale poultry farming in urban areas because of the health implications, so you’d need to place your
poultry farm off-city. Acquiring land is the most expensive part of commercial poultry farming business in Nigeria. The location must not be too far from a city area for ease of transportation and exposure to potential buyers. It’s a lot cheaper and safer to travel for 1 hour than to travel for 6 hours to deliver your poultry products. Establishing a poultry farm in a rented land is absolutely a bad idea. One important thing you need to keep in mind while selecting the land is a great source of water must be near by and the farm must be kept free from all types of animals and predators, the farm should be close to a market and a proper transportation must always be ready.

Farming Systems

Because of the climate we have in Nigeria there are three ways which you can do your poultry farm and either of them can be profitable to you. they are
!. Extensive system,
2. Semi-intensive system and
3. Intensive poultry farming system.

What Poultry Niche Do You Want To Focus On

These is very important also you have know the kind of market that you are going into. The poultry farming business is wide. The mistake must people do is to assume the farming market is all about growing chickens, turkeys and guinea fowls. But that is not only what the market is about the poultry farming covers a lot more, from meat production, to egg production, to feed production, to medicinal production, to chicken raising, to equipment production and a lot more. When you have come to conclusion about the kind of niche that you can work with you can start your own farm

Poultry Breeds

There are three types of breed which are very suitable for commercial poultry farming in Nigeria. Each comes with it’s own maintenance cost. You can select any for your farm But once you can determine the breed you want and know where and how to reach your potential customers, you can begin.however modern poultry breeds are more productive and is more commercial therefor rising is very profitable.the modern layers of poultry breeds produce more eggs than the traditional ones.
The broilers tend to grow faster than any other breed.before selecting a breeds its proper to first consider the type of product you want to product whoever there are different types of poultry breeds to start with commercially or domestically which are listed below

.LAYERS: the layers breeds which is the most common type of poultry breeds would be highly recommended for a farmer that would like to consider eggs production either commercially or for consumption it is very important to select high productive layer to start with.

.CROCKERELS: CROCKERELS are poultry breeds that are specially reared for meat production cockerels are the most breed poultry bird ever due to its high demand nation wide one unique feature about to cockerel breeds is that they tend to grow slower but their chance of survival is very high compare to other breeds they are considered the most hardest breeds of all poultry breeds this type of poultry breed can easily adopt to any or all environment

BROILERS: broilers are very sensitive and fast growing breed of all they grow big within weeks if properly fed , they also used for commercial meat production.


The poultry housing system is critical to the success of your poultry farm. Good housing is very important for commercial poultry farming in Nigeria. The type of poultry housing system you focus on will affect how your birds are placed, identifying productive & unproductive birds, and their overall health. Housing design varies in accordance with various types of poultry raising methods. they are different types of housing follow this tips below while building suitable house for your poultry.

1. The poultry house must have to be well ventilated. if its a well
ventilation system the birds will be healthy and productive. .
2. Make a suitable system for entrancing sufficient amount of fresh
air and light inside the house.
3. Try to make the house north to south faced.
4. Before bringing the chick inside the farm, clean the house and
entire farm area properly.
5. ry to make the house north to south faced.
6. In case of making numerous houses, the distance between one house
to another house would be about 40 feet
7. In a word the house must have to have all types of required
facilities for poultry birds. And this is one of the major conditions
of success for poultry farming in Nigeria.
8. House will be located in calm and quite place free from pollution and noise.
9. Make deep liter clean it regularly.
10. You can use some cheap materials like wooden or rice bran for making liter
11. Keep the feeding and watering equipment in proper distance form
each other according to the number of birds and farming systems. And
always clean all types of equipment regularly.
12. Ensure that, your birds are free from all types of animals,
insects or predators inside the house


The bird feeds are the most important things to their survival. Without food, none of them will survive. Good and high quality food keeps the bird healthy and highly productive. Good quality fresh and nutritious food is the key to success in poultry farming business. Feeding, been important to poultry farming, accounts for over 70% of all the total expenditure you will incur in your business. Always provide adequate amount of food according to the number and age of poultry birds. You can either manufacture poultry feeds, or you can purchase poultry feeds. Manufacturing the feeds are perfect for very large poultry farms because it saves them a lot of money. Along with feeding good foods, always supply sufficient amount of clean and fresh water according to the daily demands of poultry. If your poultry farm is still small scale, buying feeds is the best option for you because, it takes a lot of money to fully setup a feed manufacturing plant.

Bird Health:

Poultry birds are very sensitive and may caught by diseases easily. The general well being of the birds are very important. You’d have to spend periodically on vaccines and medications to ensure the birds stay healthy. Generally they suffer by various types of viral, bacterial, fungal, nutritional and parasitic diseases. Healthy birds grow strong and would generate a lot of revenue.


Poultry products are easy to market that one of the main benefits in Nigeria. There is already an established market for poultry eggs and meat with huge demand. If you are not interested in marketing your products you can sell your products in local markets and big cities.

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